• Saminzhonova Shakhnoza Numanovna Ferghana State University Lecturer of the Department of Russian Philology


linguistics, linguistics, cognitive linguistics, semantics, language, concept, basis, category, method, cognitive units of language.


Cognitive activity of a person is the subject of research in a number of sciences: philosophy, psychology, linguistics, logic, computer science, etc., and the questions that arise in this case have their roots in ancient philosophy. The founder of gnoselogy (the doctrine of cognition) is considered to be the ancient Greek philosopher from Ephesus Heraclitus (c. 544 - 483 BC). Distinguishing between sensory and rational cognition, he believed that cognition begins with the senses, but the truth is comprehended by the mind, for which sensory data must be processed accordingly by him.  According to Plato (427-347 BC), a person has innate ideas that his soul absorbed before the birth of the body, and sensory-empirical experience gives only an impetus to their memory. However, he considered speech, reasoning (the logic of questions and answers), which lead to the truth, to be the main means of remembering.


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